Endangered species in India are increasing day by day due to poaching, industrialization, pollution, cutting of forests and habitat loss of precious species. India is a land of different species of mammals, birds, insects and reptiles. Due to a lot species India is known as the richest country in wildlife but still they have no proper plans to save species that are going to extinction.
List of Endangered Species in India
The Nilgiri Tahr
A goat like animal belong to Mammalia class. Nilgiri male and female have horns and mostly females are smaller than males. Males have 40 centimeters horns larger than female horns.
They found in mountains of southern India. Population trend is decreasing and these are listed as endangered species in IUCN red list.
In 1970 to 1980 there are 2,000 to 2,500 individuals were present that are now reduced to only 70 to 100 individuals. Habitat loss is the major threat for this species to make them endangered. Killing by tigers and wolves is second dangerous threat for Nilgiri Tahr.
Lion Tailed Macaque
Scientific name is Macaca Silenus. Maximum part of their life they live on the top of evergreen forests. They like to live in groups. Group size less than 20 individuals and have more females than males. Their food consist of seeds, fruit, and flowers. In wild their lifespan is about 20 years only. Average length is 17 to 24 inch and mass is about 5 to 22 lbs.
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Gestation period is about 183 days. Mostly they found in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. According to first documentation their population was about 4000 individuals. They isolate from each other due to threats in wild. According to latest research Kerala has 1,216 adult individuals of lion tailed macaque and in Tamil Nadu there are 500 individuals are living.
Pointed sawfish and narrow sawfish are the other names of Knifetooth sawfish. Scientific name is Anoxypristis cuspidate. Australia, India, Bangladesh, Iran, and Malaysia are the countries where they occur. Length can be about 15 ft. Knifetooth diet is small fishes, crabs, shrimps, and squids.
Knifetooth sawfish is the main target of fishers due to its uses in trade are very high. Their fins can be sale in market at very high rate because their fins are more useful than other shark fins. Products of knifetooth sawfish are also used as decoration on different places. Illegal fishing is the main threat that get it into danger.
Red Line Torpedo Barb
Living in Kerala and Karnataka as fragmented population. About 60 to 65% fishes was exported from India in 2007 to 2008. Now they are under the protection of national wildlife act. But the population is still decreasing and they got endangered species status due to its low population. These are the most colored and beautiful species that people mostly like to keep it in aquarium to decorate their rooms.
But they don’t like smaller space. These are also known as aggressive species. They eat shrimps, vegetation and meat. Sahyadria denisonii is scientific name and considered as most endangered species in India. Aquarium pet trade is the only major threat that disturb the population of red line torpedo barb.
Rhyticeros narcondami is the scientific name and these are mostly found in Narcondam in the Andamans the islands of India. They belong to Aves class and Bucerotidae family. Number of mature individuals are 50 to 249 but the population trend is now stable.
Different fruits, invertebrates and small reptiles are used as diet. Breeding period is from February to April. Females can’t go out of nests during egg laying. So providing food is the responsibility of males for females and their chicks. Habitat destruction is the major threat that make them endangered.
Banteng – Endangered Species
Banteng is considered in the list of most beautiful wild cattle. Population trend is moving downward so that Banteng is listed as endangered species in India. Fewer than 8,000 individuals are present on our planet. Bos javanicus is scientific name for Banteng belongs to Mammalia class.
Domestic cattle are larger in height than Banteng cattle. They have different colors in different species. Males are black in Burma and chocolate brown in Bornean species. Females have buff color common in all species. Male and female have horns but both have different shapes. They can live 20 years.
IUCN listed as endangered species in India. Cuon alpinus is the scientific name for dhole belongs to Mammalia class and Canidae family. There are only 949-2215 remaining individuals and still population trend is decreasing due to a lot of threats that threaten the species to become endangered. Bangladesh, India, Malaysia and Indonesia are the top countries where they occur. Over hunting by humans, habitat loss and transformation, persecution, disease and pathogens, and competition with other species are the main threats that effect on the dhole species.